Below are examples of research paper outlines. Creating an outline is the first thing you should do before starting on your research paper. The research paper outline is essential for any article or term paper. mind, do not be afraid to ask for advice on the best research paper format for your report. Have you ever tried to outline a research paper, but failed to do it? When it comes to the outline format for a research paper, you can use.
of research paper outline samples
It doesn't matter what level, whether you're writing an APA research paper outline or just an outline for research paper which is for a school grade, it is structurally the same but is often neglected by students. The research paper outline template is a vital part of your essay - you need to follow it in order to flesh out your points and keep your essay structured correctly.
If you haven't the time and you've looked through dozens of research papers examples for outline ideas, feel free to use our research paper outline template. If it's an APA research paper outline or some other, you can use it in almost every research essay outline situation. We hope that this research paper outline example can create good examples of research papers for you. The research paper outline example above only serves as the bare bones of your research paper. To create an example of a research paper that is truly outstanding, one needs to flesh out their research paper outline with the relevant "meat".
It's great practice to check other research paper examples with your supervisor. Sooner or later, you'll find that the research paper outline will serve you well in starting and finishing your research paper.
About us. Anti-Fraud Policy. Order Now. Save this discount code: Get The Discount. Let's consider a small piece of one: Example of a research paper - forming ideas worth writing about So how exactly has the research paper example introduction above gotten off to such a good start?
Outline for research paper: Research paper outline template If you haven't the time and you've looked through dozens of research papers examples for outline ideas, feel free to use our research paper outline template. Title Provide a summation of your topic in a sentence or two. Give the name of your supervisor and any other significant names after yours. Abstract Keep it brief - less is more in this situation usually words max. What was your study about? What were your methods?
What were your main outcomes? What have you concluded? What recommendations can you give for further research? Always check that the style of your abstract matches the style of your research paper guidelines. Contents page Break down each section and subsection and provide the titles of each. Introduction Make it as brief as you can. Organise all of your thoughts clearly. Introduce the context in a clear manner. Define the research problem and nature.
Include a thesis statement comprising three key points about your topic. Why is your topic so important? Make sure you define all the different terms.
What do you expect the outcome of your research will be? You will need to write a hypothesis or prediction. Methodology Provide a step-by-step account of the methods in the past tense.
Anyone who is reading your methodology should be able to follow and repeat your methods with ease. Talk about all of the special equipment you have used. It is important that the reader understands how you obtained your data, so include this in your research paper outline example.
The idea behind the methodology section is that another researcher can exactly replicate your experiments without having to guess what equipment and what techniques should be used.
Scientific articles are peer reviewed and this includes the possibility that other researchers may try to replicate your results. There have been many high profile scientific breakthroughs over the years whose results were unable to be repeated; these experiments were disregarded. For field studies you should give an exact map reference and time as well as including a map in the appendix.
If you used complex machinery or computer programs in the course of your experiment, to avoid breaking the flow of your report, you should give only the main information and refer to the exact technical specifications in the appendix. These should be a quick synopsis of the facts, figures and statistical tests used to arrive at your final results. You should try to avoid cluttering up your report and insert most of your raw data into the appendix. It is far better to stick with including only tables and graphs that show clearly the results.
Do not be tempted to insert large numbers of graphs and figures just for the sake of it; each figure and graph should be mentioned, referred to and discussed in the text. Try to avoid putting in tables and graphs showing the same information; select the type that shows your results most clearly.
It is usually preferable to use graphs and relegate the tables to the appendix because it is easier to show trends in graphical format. Figures and graphs should be clear and occupy at least half a page; you are not a magazine editor trying to fit a small graph into an article.
All such information must be numbered, as diagrams for graphs and illustrations, and figures for tables; they should be referred to by this number in the body of the report. You do not need to put the full breakdown of the calculations used for your statistical tests; most scientists hate statistics and are only interested in whether your results were significant or not.
Relegate the calculations to the appendix. The results section of your report should be neutral and you should avoid discussing your results or how they differed from or compared with what was expected.
This information belongs in the next section. This is the pivotal section of your hard work in obtaining and analyzing your results. In your discussion you should seek to discuss your findings, and describe how they compared and differed from the results you expected.
In a nutshell, you are trying to show whether your hypothesis was proved, not proved or inconclusive. You must be extremely critical of yourself in this section; you will not get marked down for mistakes in experiment design or for poor results, only for not recognizing them. Everybody who has written a dissertation or thesis has had to give a presentation to a room full of fellow students, scientists and professors and give a quick synopsis.
These people will tear your report apart if you do not recognize its shortcomings and flaws. Very few experiments are per cent correct in their design and conception so it is not really important what your results were, only that you understand their significance. Usually you will have had some promising results and some that did not fit with what you expected. Discuss why things may have gone wrong and what could be done to refine the results in future. Suggest what changes in experimental design might improve the results; there is no right or wrong in science, only progress.
Finally, you can discuss at the end ideas for further research, either refining the experiment or suggesting new areas. Even if your paper was a one off, somebody may come along and decide that they find your research interesting and that they would like to continue from where you left off.
This is really just a more elaborate version of the abstract. In a few paragraphs you should summarize your findings. Your abstract will do most of this for you but, as long as you do not get carried away, especially for longer reports, it can help the reader absorb your findings a little more. Include all of your direct references here, even if you only found a couple of sentences. In the case where somebody referred to an original source, reference that too, but if you did not manage to get hold of it, try to rewrite so that you will not have to reference or use "referred in"-citation.
Here it is polite to acknowledge anybody who helped you with this report, although do not go overboard; it is not an Oscar speech. Your supervisor is a good start, as well as others who helped. If a landowner gave you permission to take samples then it is good practice to acknowledge them and give them a summary of your results, if permitted. Appendices are very useful because they give you a place to dump raw data and calculations.
They must still be laid out correctly; the data must be relevant and referred to in the main report. If you have a lot of relevant photographs of sample sites and methods then they belong here. It is also useful to insert a Google map plan to show from where you took samples. Hopefully this will have given you a good oversight into writing that perfect report. It is not as daunting as it seems and if you do your research and listen to your supervisor then all should be well and you can get a good grade.
Check out our quiz-page with tests about:. Martyn Shuttleworth Mar 14, Research Paper Outline. Retrieved Apr 06, from Explorable. The text in this article is licensed under the Creative Commons-License Attribution 4. That is it. You can use it freely with some kind of link , and we're also okay with people reprinting in publications like books, blogs, newsletters, course-material, papers, wikipedia and presentations with clear attribution.
Learn how to construct, style and format an Academic paper and take your skills to the next level. Read More. Don't have time for it all now? No problem, save it as a course and come back to it later. Martyn Shuttleworth Share this page on your website: This article is a part of the guide: Select from one of the other courses available: Don't miss these related articles:.
Research Paper Outline Format
An outline is a “blueprint” or “plan” for your paper. It helps you to organize your thoughts and arguments. A good outline can make conducting research and then . In order to better acquaint yourself with the structure of an outline, check out sample research papers online. The USC Guide to Making an Outline will also help. This Chapter outlines the logical steps to writing a good research paper. To achieve . Sample Essay On any topic, specifically for you Hire Writer. Check out .